The Types of TBIs

Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are never one-size fits all. Due to the complex nature of the brain and the various ways injury can take place, different parts of the brain can be affected, which results in each case being unique. However, there are some aspects of brain injuries that can be grouped together, based on how the brain is affected. These types of TBIs include:

A concussion is the most common type of brain injury. However, a concussion is considered a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), not a TBI, due to the nature of the injury’s intensity. While statistics are sometimes difficult to pin down, it’s estimated that around half of the number of concussions taking place go unreported and/or undetected. A concussion happens when there’s a sudden blow to a person’s head, which jolts the brain in the direction of the blow. Essentially, a concussion occurs when the brain is shaken

Also known as a coup-contrecoup injury, a contusion is a bruising of the brain tissue. These bruises lead to lesions at the point of impact. Motor vehicle crashes which result in head injuries frequently lead to contusions. That’s because in many motor vehicle crashes, a person’s head is accelerated forward, and then rapidly moved backwards

An intracranial hematoma occurs when a blood vessel ruptures and blood collects in either empty spaces in the skull or within the brain tissue. The danger of hematomas is that, like with other types of brain injuries, there may not be any obvious external damage/injury to indicate that a hematoma has occurred. There are 3 categories of intracranial hematomas: subdural, epidural, and intraparenchymal. The former two occur when blood vessels rupture, while the latter occurs when blood pools in the brain.

Penetrating Injuries
This name is relatively self-explanatory regarding the initial injury. A penetrating injury happens when something penetrates the skull, and in addition may penetrate the brain. These injuries require immediate treatment because of their nature. Underneath the umbrella of the penetrating injury is the through-and-through injury, which occurs when an object enters the brain and exits at a separate location.

While each brain injury is unique and wide-reaching in effects, what is universal is the need for adequate care and treatment to properly heal from a TBI. Our military heroes are particularly susceptible to sustaining TBIs, and there is a great need for facilities to address and treat these invisible wounds of war. Our mission is to fulfill that need, through the construction of Intrepid Spirit Centers. These centers implement an interdisciplinary model of treatment to provide individualized care to each patient. Learn more about our Intrepid Spirit Centers and help us break ground on our next center by making a donation.

Posted on January 14 2019 in Blog

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