Effects of a Traumatic Brain Injury

Silhouette of contemplative man on a bench at sunset.

Brain Injuries aren’t one-size-fits-all. Brain injury symptoms can range from physical to cognitive to sensory. Because the symptoms are so wide-ranging and varied, two brain injuries could exhibit entirely different sets of symptoms. Symptoms themselves can also vary with some injuries exhibiting symptoms that other injuries never show. Symptoms may not immediately present themselves either. Some may take days or even weeks to appear. 

Physical symptoms of a traumatic brain injury (TBI) range in severity. Headaches, fatigue and drowsiness are among the most common and can appear in less severe forms. However, physical symptoms can also become rather intense. Headaches can even become persistent, or worsen over time to include nausea or vomiting. Sleep can also be completely upended as a result of a brain injury. Someone suffering the effects of a TBI may sleep more or less than usual, and may have trouble falling asleep or waking up. Balance can also be affected. In some cases, dizziness can be the extent of balance issues, while others may experience a complete loss of balance. Loss of consciousness may also occur, ranging from a few seconds up to a few hours, or even lead to a state of coma. Some may experience no loss of consciousness, but instead may find themselves in a state of confusion or disorientation. Fingers and toes can be affected, and subjected to either weakness or numbness. Coordination can be affected too and in severe cases, convulsions and seizures may occur.

Cognitive symptoms can manifest in the form of problems with memory or concentration, and get as extreme as profound confusion. A patient might feel slowed down and struggle to think clearly. It’s also possible that they may struggle to remember new information. Mood swings have become a hallmark symptom of TBI, and can range from slight agitation to anger, combativeness, depression or anxiety.

Sensory symptoms can range across all five senses. Some cases may notice a sensitivity to light or sound. Blurred vision can occur, and in some cases may present as a total loss of vision. Issues with hearing may occur, as may a ringing in the ears. Taste can be affected, and in some cases a recurring bad taste in the mouth may occur. Touch can also diminish, which can lead to inability to feel the temperature of something too hot and cause injury. 

Brain injuries are serious afflictions. Their effects are wide-ranging and they require attention as quickly as possible to properly diagnose and begin treatment. The Intrepid Spirit Centers constructed by the Intrepid Fallen Heroes Fund are helping to treat the over 413,000 cases of traumatic brain injury diagnosed in military service members since 2000. With 8 centers completed and another underway, they’re making a huge impact in healing our heroes with some centers treating thousands of patients a year. The Intrepid Fallen Heroes Fund is a publicly funded non-profit organization, so these centers are built completely through the support of the public. Please donate today to help our mission to heal our heroes.




Posted on March 9 2020 in Blog

Host your own fundraising initiative to support the Intrepid Fallen Heroes Fund.

© 2023 Intrepid Fallen Heroes Fund. All Rights Reserved.